Old Synagogue in Cracow

The Old Synagogue in Cracow is one of the oldest synagogues that survived in Poland and one of the most precious landmarks of Jewish architecture in Europe.

The Synagogue was built in the beginning of the 15th century. The original building was rebuilt in 1570 under the watchful eye of an Italian architect Mateo Gucci. Until the German invasion of Poland in 1939, it was one of the most important synagogues in the city as well as the main religious and social centre of the Cracow Jewish community. The synagogue was completely devastated and ransacked by the Nazi Germans during World War II. Its artwork and Jewish relics, looted. Restored (after Nazi destruction) in the 1950s, the building now houses the a Division of the Historical Museum of Cracow, with particular focus on Cracow's Jews.